Summary and Theme | The Metamorphosis Book by Franz Kafka

“Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from an easy dream, and found himself transformed into a gigantic insect.”

A man is also represented by repudiation and isolation until he gets noticed.

Book Details

Book NameThe Metamorphosis
AuthorFranz Kafka
GenreFiction
Publishing Date1915
Rating by Editor4.0/5.0

Introduction

The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is one of his major seminal works. It was written in 1912 and got published in 1915. The novella is highly autobiographical in its content. Franz Kafka wall was used to feel his father’s overbearing and authoritarian personality left a broad impact on his writing. The metamorphosis is a descriptive word on modern life’s alienating experience, the cruelty, and incomprehensibility of authority and power.

Who Should Read This Book?

Any carbon being. Whoever is interested in reading seminal or cult fiction could go through this book. If you are suffering from an existential crisis, this is a fair and square book for you. This book gives a bizarre taste to people in social isolation, people who feel alienated. Kafka and Kafkaesque’s idea is still controversial and diplomatic, but Metamorphosis is a complete swirl in choosing between comfort and confront in the bizarre situations ahead. If you are fascinated by Self-help books, you will definitely like this book.

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Summary

The story revolves around the Samsa family in which Gregor Samsa, the elder son, plays the protagonist. Mr. Samsa, a retired personal, Mrs. Samsa was a homemaker and had asthma, and Grete Samsa, Greogar’s younger sister. The Samsa’s had huge debt on them, and Gregor was the only breadwinner of the family. He worked as a traveling salesman for five years and had not taken a single holiday in his service.

It was an arduous day when one morning, he got metamorphosed into a vermin-like creature. He lay on his armor-like back, and his abdomen was divided by arches into stiff sections. He had already missed his morning train, and the only train left was 8’o clock, but he could not shift his body out of his bed. His bulky body was stiffed at the same position, and he could feel the burning sensation on his lower part while trying to move. The chief clerk’s posse, his parents, and sister awaited outside for his arrival or response.

Gregor said something, but his voice had been transformed into a squeaking. After a lot of respite and efforts, Gregor unlocks the door. Gregor’s mother frizzed and sank into her skirt, his sister was in tears, and his father had clenched his fist and wanted to kick Gregor inside but wept inside. When the chief clerk saw he was dreaded and his father’s last resort was to cast away Gregor into his room. He did it with the newspaper and the chief clerk stick. Now it was the inception of the practical problem as Gregor could not work more, and their livelihood seemed arduous. Mr. Samsa took a job, Mrs. Samsa smacked the maid for some savings.

They also started doing household chores. Gregor now stayed in his room, locked in the murk. His sister, with whom he shared the most pious and affable bond, gave a bowl of milk and bread. Milk, which was Gregor’s favorite today, was tasteless. He used to leave the bread and milk untouched whenever provided, so his sister changed her appetite. She gave him rotten cheese, the leftover vegetables, and the bones of meat. Gregor enjoyed that.

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Whenever Grete came to his room, he would conceal and look with his head out from the armor. His father was always in lassitude from work, Gregor used to see all from the hole of his door when he used to come like that, and the warm welcome from the members would have killed all tiredness and fatigue from work. A few days later, his mother and sister shifted the furniture so that Gregor could crawl smoothly. Now he used to cling to the walls and crawl into his room.

One day he got out of his room and started crawling on the painting in the hall. His mother fainted, looking at the brown spot on the painting. Grete helped her mother to gain consciousness. Mr. Samsa had arrived and predicted the situation, Gregor tried to get into his room, but his father showered many apples on him. One of the apples lodged into his flesh, and he had lost his senses because of the injury. He had suffered more than a month because of the injury and had lost much of his mobility.

The ambiance of the house had changed entirely. There was no longer any lively conversation, Mr. Samsa slept into his uniform, and whenever Gregor tried to come near to his father, his mother and sister would throw pen and needle towards him. Meanwhile, Grete had got a sales job, but their financial condition was not improving. They had to sell their jewelry and thought to keep tenants. Three gentlemen took Gregor’s room, which made him unhappy and chapfallen.

One day while Grete was playing the violin, three gentlemen listened to her. Gregor could not resist the sound of the melodic sound of violin plucks. He also came out. The tenants unappreciated his presence and told Mr. Samsa they had been cheated and will not pay a single penny. Finally, Grete said in a rage “He is a monster, not my brother. He could never understand what we are going through. Human beings can’t live with an animal”. He went inside listening to this cacophony and the unhappy silence which their eyes had. The noise from the banged door made his legs collapse.

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Today he was dilapidated. The most pleasant and understanding creature his sister condemned his alienation. Sooner his pain went away with all his other pains, and he breathed his last vital breath. The Samsa’s got a little frigid and sad on his death but were happy to lose a burden. They went for a walk like old times forgetting all the malaise.

Conviction

The Metamorphosis

The book’s key theme is

“Legs which go for work, are the legs worshiped”

Respect has become a henchman of income. The metamorphosis sparkles the idea of cruelty and isolation in modern times. Samsa, who was once respected and admired, was now condemned and unwelcomed by his biological mates. The suffering, anguish, and anxiety of a modern man who is the only loaf winner had been the fulcrum of the book. The theme also projects towards his father’s authoritarian power, who was furious on his metamorphosis; for him, Georgia’s work was vital and requisite. Kafka webs and outshine all in asking an important question whether it is a problem or the problematic who should be kept aside or to accept both because you share a bloodline with him.

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The metamorphosis also portrays the picture of a relationship that got messed up in this transformation, the amiable bond of brother and sister, which altered into disgust, scunner, and disrelish, which made Greogar forgo all his pain.


A man is identified through work. Work is the substantial quality of a healthy atmosphere whenever this perpetual cycle disrupts everything is metamorphosis. One of the core ideas is also the question of an existential crisis of a man in modern times.


Some FAQ From The Book:

How did gregor samsa die?

It is said that it is not the death that kills a person but the admiration to live keeps a person alive. When Gregor turns into a vermin-like creature, he lost almost everything. He lost his sister’s love; his father was distraught seeing him in such a condition. He became alone. His aspiration of living died inside; crawling in the same room almost killed him mentally.

According to the book The Metamorphosis: one day, his father threw an apple that stuck in his back shell, which started rotting there, which causes severe pain. And one day, his sister close the door in a rage, which accidentally hit Gregor’s legs, and he was physically dead. However, he was mentally dead a long ago.

What is the deeper meaning of the metamorphosis?

“Legs which go for work are the legs worshipped.”

The metamorphosis also portrays the picture of a relationship that got messed up in this transformation, the amiable bond of brother and sister, which altered into disgust, scunner, and disrelish, which made Greogar forgo all his pain.

A man is identified through work. Work is the substantial quality of a healthy atmosphere whenever this perpetual cycle disrupts everything is metamorphosis. One of the core ideas is the question of an existential crisis of a man in modern times.

What is the message in the metamorphosis?

Metamorphosis is a complete swirl in choosing between comfort and confrontation in the bizarre situations ahead.

The novella is highly autobiographical in its content. Franz Kafka wall was used to feel his father’s overbearing and authoritarian personality left a broad impact on his writing. The metamorphosis is a descriptive word on modern life’s alienating experience, the cruelty, and incomprehensibility of authority and power

Is gregor really a bug in the metamorphosis?

YES, he got metamorphosed into a vermin-like creature.
He lay on his armor-like back, and his abdomen was divided by arches into stiff sections. He had already missed his morning train, and the only train left was 8’o clock, but he could not shift his body out of his bed. His bulky body was stiffed at the same position, and he could feel the burning sensation on his lower part while trying to move. The chief clerk’s posse, his parents, and sister awaited outside for his arrival or response.